There are three types of ear infections that can wreak havoc not only with hearing but also with balance and overall health. Though more common in children, they can also happen to adults —often with harsher symptoms that indicate serious underlying conditions.
Types of ear infections are broken down to correlate with the structure of the ear. They are grouped as inner, middle, and outer ear infections.
- Inner Ear Infections: Symptoms are pain in the ear, dizziness, nausea, and vomiting. Obviously, serious stuff that can indicate something as severe as meningitis.
- Middle Ear Infections: The medical term is otitis media and it is a situation where fluid becomes lodged behind the eardrum, which can degrade the ability to hear. The ear feels clogged and fluid may drain from it. Fever sometimes occurs. Usually the byproduct of a respiratory infection that migrates into the ear via the Eustachian tubes (which run from the back of your nose and throat to the ears and are crucial to maintaining equalized air pressure and balance).
- Outer ear infections: Often caused by bacterial infections like swimmer’s ear and known medically as otitis externa. Itchiness in the ear is usually the first sign, followed by tenderness and swelling. Excess moisture in the ear — along with existing skin abrasions in the ear canal — are the culprits leading to such infections. Keep ears dry and don’t clean them in such a way that skin can be scratched — which gives bacteria a growth environment.
Ear infections usually come and go, annoying but not life-altering. But if symptoms linger for a few days and you have a fever, then consulting a healthcare professional is advisable — especially if your hearing changes and/or there is fluid drainage occurring.